In 1985, Govt. of India, decided to set up good quality residential schools, one in each district, essentially to provide good quality education to bright children from rural areas. This decision was warranted by the fact that while good educational facilities have been available in urban areas progressively, many of the bright children in the rural areas have been deprived of good education because good educational facilities are not available in rural areas and the modest economic means of their families do not allow them to go to urban areas and avail of good education there. The first two schools were named Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs). Since then the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas all over the country have been started at a fast pace and presently there are more than 593 Navodaya Vidyalayas situated almost in every district of our country.
- The broad aim for establishment of Navodaya Vidyalaya is to serve the objective of excellence coupled with Equity and social Justice (with reservation for rural areas, SC, ST & Girls students), to promote national integration, provide opportunities to talented children to develop their full potential and facilitate the process of school improvement.
- To provide good quality modern education including strong component of culture, inclusion of values, awareness of the environment, adventure activities and physical education to the talented children predominantly from the rural areas, irrespective of their family’s socio-economic condition.
- To ensure that all students of Navodaya Vidyalayas attain a reasonable level of competence in three languages as envisaged in three language formula.
To serve, in each district, as focal point for improvement in the quality of school education in general, through sharing of experience and facilities.
- Good quality modern education for talented children predominantly from rural areas.
- 75 percent of the students from rural areas and 25 percent of the students from the urban areas.
- Reservation for students of SC and ST categories in proportion to the population in the district subject to the national minimum. ( 15% for SC and 7.5% for ST).
- 33% of the seats reserved for the girls.
- Co-education including boarding and lodging as well as free uniforms, text books, stationery etc.
- Affiliated to CBSE.
- Admission in Class VI through objective type test designed and conducted by CBSE in the district concerned.
- Implementation of three-language formula.
- Regional Language as medium of instruction for the first three years : Hindi/English afterwards.
- Sports, Games and Art Education activities that help in the overall personality development of children are being encouraged in a planned manner.
- Located usually in rural areas, on the basis of offer of cost free land and rent-free temporary buildings by State/UT Government.